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how to use brother sewing machine

how to use brother sewing machine

Brother Sewing Machines have been at the forefront of crafting equipment, setting standards for quality, performance, and reliability. These machines are renowned for their state-of-the-art technology, sleek design, and versatility, carving a significant niche in the fashion and tailoring world.

The appeal and importance of learning how to use a Brother Sewing Machine extend far beyond just fashion—it promotes creativity, self-reliance, and even offers potential economic benefits through entrepreneurial ventures such as bespoke tailoring or alterations services. 

Moreover, understanding a Brother Sewing Machine’s functionality carries the reward of being able to create personalized items, from clothing to home decor, enabling a truly unique form of self-expression. In this sense, the advantages of mastering a Brother Sewing Machine are manifold, seamlessly integrating practicality, creativity, and individuality in a single, high-performance device. 

Setting Up the Brother Sewing Machine

When you purchase a new Brother sewing machine, it comes in a box which contains the following things

The Brother Sewing Machine: This is the main component which you will be using for your sewing tasks.
Foot controller: This is used to control the speed of the stitches. The harder you press, the faster the machine sews.
Power cord: This is used to provide power to the sewing machine.
Accessories: This can range from different types of sewing feet, needles, bobbins, and a screwdriver.
Instruction manual: This contains the step-by-step guide on how to set up and use the sewing machine.

How to Properly Set Up Your New Brother Sewing Machine

1. Clear a space: Make sure you have a clear and flat space to place your sewing machine.
2. Unbox the machine: Take the machine out of the box carefully.
3. Plug in the machine: Connect the power cord from the machine to an electrical outlet.
4. Attach the foot controller: Connect the foot controller to the machine.
5. Install the needle: Refer to the instruction manual on how to properly install the needle.
6. Thread the machine: Follow the threading guide provided in the manual to properly thread the machine.
7. Install the bobbin: The instruction manual will also provide a guide on how to properly install the bobbin.
8. Turn on the machine: Your Brother machine should be ready for use. Test it by sewing a scrap piece of fabric.

 Explanation of Basic Accessories and Their Usage

Sewing Feet: These allow you to perform different types of stitches. Make sure to use the right foot for the specific stitch you want.
Needles: Different fabrics require different types of needles.
Bobbin: It holds the bottom thread. The machine will not sew if it’s not installed correctly.
Screwdriver: It’s used for changing the needle or opening the machine for maintenance.
Seam Ripper: It helps in removing stitches if you have made a mistake.
Always refer to your instruction manual to properly use these accessories with your Brother sewing machine. Make sure to have the manual nearby when setting up and using the machine for the first time. 

Familiarizing with the Parts of the Brother Sewing Machine

Foot Pedal:

Identification: Usually a pedal on the floor connected to the sewing machine.

Function: Controls the sewing speed. Press lightly for slow stitching and harder for faster stitching.


Identification: A slender, pointed metal rod at the end of the machine arm.

Function: Pierces through the fabric, creating stitches. Different needles are used for various fabrics and purposes.

Bobbin Winder:

Identification: Typically located on the top or side of the machine.

Function: Winds thread onto the bobbin. It ensures a proper and even distribution of thread for smooth sewing.

Stitch Selection Dial:

Identification: A dial on the front of the machine with various stitch options.

Function: Allows you to choose different stitches for various sewing projects. Common stitches include straight stitch, zigzag, and decorative stitches.

Threading Mechanism:

Identification: The path where the thread travels through the machine.

Function: Guides the thread from the spool through various points, including the tension disks, needle, and bobbin, ensuring proper stitching.

Threading the Brother Sewing Machine 

Embarking on your sewing journey with a Brother machine? Here are fundamental techniques to get you started:

Starting and Ending Stitches Perfectly

Thread the Machine: Begin by threading your machine following the guide in the manual.

Hold the Threads: Before you start stitching, hold onto both the top thread and the bobbin thread. This prevents tangling.

Backstitching: To secure the start and end of your seam, use the backstitch function. Sew a few stitches backward, then forward again.

Controlling Speed with the Foot Pedal

  1. Foot Pedal Basics: The foot pedal controls your sewing speed. Press lightly for slow stitches and harder for faster ones.
  2. Practice Control: Spend some time practicing with scrap fabric to get comfortable with regulating speed using the foot pedal.

 Seam Allowance Guide for Accurate Stitches

Mark Seam Allowance: Use the seam allowance guide on the needle plate or mark it with tape. This helps maintain consistency in your stitches.

Align Fabric Edge: Keep the fabric edge aligned with the designated seam allowance for accurate stitching.

Changing Needles According to Fabric Type

Select the Right Needle: Different fabrics require different needles. Consult your machine’s manual for guidance on needle types.

Changing Needles: Loosen the needle clamp, remove the old needle, insert the new one with the flat side facing the back, and tighten the clamp.

Sewing Buttonholes and Buttons

  1. Buttonhole Settings: Most Brother machines have a built-in buttonhole setting. Attach the buttonhole foot and select the buttonhole stitch on your machine.
  2. Position the Fabric: Mark the buttonhole placement on your fabric. Place it under the buttonhole foot, and the machine will stitch the buttonhole automatically.
  3. Attaching Buttons: For buttons, switch to the button-sewing foot. Set the machine to a zigzag stitch, align the button, and let the machine sew back and forth to secure it.

Maintenance and Troubleshooting of Brother Sewing Machine

Owning a Brother sewing machine is exciting, and keeping it in top shape is easy with a bit of regular care. Here’s a simple guide to help you make the most out of your sewing experience.

 Regular Cleaning and Oiling Procedure

  1. Clean the Machine: After each use, give your machine a quick once-over. Remove lint and loose threads from the bobbin area and around the needle.
  2. Oil the Machine: Just like a car needs oil, your sewing machine does too. Add a drop of oil to the designated spots as mentioned in your machine’s manual. It helps keep things running smoothly.

Handling Common Issues

  1. Thread Breaking:
    • Check the thread quality and make sure it’s suitable for your fabric.
    • Re-thread the machine, following the threading guide in your manual.
    • Adjust the tension dial gradually until the thread stops breaking.
  2. Needle Breaking:
    • Use the right needle for your fabric type and thickness.
    • Make sure the needle is properly inserted and not bent.
    • Replace the needle if it’s dull or damaged.
  3. Uneven Stitches:
    • Ensure the machine is threaded correctly.
    • Check the bobbin for even winding and correct placement.
    • Adjust the tension settings if needed.

Seeking Professional Help

While many issues can be fixed at home, there are times when professional assistance is necessary. Consider seeking help from a certified technician if:

  • Your machine is making unusual noises or vibrations.
  • Despite troubleshooting, you’re still facing persistent issues.
  • You need a thorough maintenance check that’s best handled by an expert.

Remember, regular care and addressing small issues promptly will keep your Brother sewing machine humming along, helping you create beautiful stitches effortlessly.

Advanced Tips and Tricks for using Brother Sewing Machine 

Operating a Brother Sewing Machine proficiently involves acquiring knowledge about its advanced features and honing skills to an expert level. One of the fundamental aspects to understand includes different feet attachments and their uses which could profoundly enhance your sewing experiences

. Each foot has a unique purpose be it the zipper foot for easily sewing on both sides of the zipper, the walking foot for uniform stitching on multiple layers, or the buttonhole foot for perfect buttonholes. Furthermore, mastering techniques for neat and professional stitching is also crucial. By making sure that the machine is well-maintained.

 understanding the varying stitch lengths for different fabrics, and taking time to properly adjust the tension, one can achieve clean and even stitches. It is also advised to practice regularly with different materials to propel proficiency.

 An enticing feature of Brother Sewing Machines is the option for decorative stitches and quilting. This feature further fosters creativity and allows the user to perform diverse sewing techniques. Decorative stitches add a personal touch and unique flair to your work, making it more visually appealing.

As for the quilting features, they enable users to create intricate patterns and designs with precision and ease. Brother Sewing Machines come pre-programmed with a variety of decorative stitches for both quilting and general use. Understanding how to navigate through these options will open up a new frontier for your sewing skills and creativity.


In conclusion, the use of a Brother sewing machine is essential for achieving professional and precise sewing results. By following the simple steps of threading the machine, adjusting the tension, and using the appropriate stitching techniques, users can confidently create high-quality garments and crafts. 

Understanding the importance of properly using a Brother sewing machine ensures efficient and effective sewing practices, ultimately leading to successful and satisfying projects. Therefore, it is imperative for individuals to familiarize themselves with the steps and techniques necessary for utilizing this valuable tool in order to achieve the best sewing outcomes. 

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